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The United States Department of Agricultural is the federal executive department responsible for developing and executing government policies on farming, agriculture, and food. Some of the responsibilities of the USDA include promoting agricultural trade and production, assure food safety, protect natural resources, and assist farmers, ranchers, and other food producers. The head of the USDA is the Secretary of Agriculture and is a member of the Cabinet of the United States. The department was started in 1862 with direction from President Abraham Lincoln.